Over 2000 years, the Via Regia, the "Royal Way" or the "High Road", now leads from the east of Europe to the extreme west. This most important of all European routes served in wartime the troop movement and at any time as a commercial and cultural road. Eilenburg owes much of its former prosperity to its location on this important road.
Just as the Via Regia promoted trade but also the cultural exchange, so the connection to the Camino de Santiago provided for religious enrichment. Countless pilgrims have passed through Eilenburg for centuries on their way to Santiago de Compostela.